Preliminary evaluation of the protective effects of recombinant AMA1 and IMP1 against Eimeria stiedae infection in rabbits

点击数:1072022-11-04 13:25:32 

Preliminary evaluation of the protective effects of recombinant AMA1 and IMP1 against Eimeria stiedae infection in rabbits

Jie Xiao, Ruoyu Zheng, Xin Bai, Jiayan Pu, Hao Chen, Xiaobin Gu, Yue Xie, Ran He, Jing Xu, Bo Jing, Xuerong Peng, Guangyou Yang



Abstract

Background: Eimeria stiedae parasitizes the bile duct, causing hepatic coccidiosis in rabbits. Coccidiosis control using anticoccidials led to drug resistance and residues; therefore, vaccines are required as an alternative control strategy. Apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1) and immune mapped protein 1 (IMP1) are surface-located proteins that might contribute to host cell invasion, having potential as candidate vaccine antigens.

Methods: Herein, we cloned and expressed the E. stiedae EsAMA1 and EsIMP1 genes. The reactogenicity of recombinant AMA1 (rEsAMA1) and IMP1 (rEsIMP1) proteins were investigated using immunoblotting. For the vaccination-infection trial, rabbits were vaccinated with rEsAMA1 and rEsIMP1 (both 100 μg/rabbit) twice at 2-week intervals. After vaccination, various serum cytokines were measured. The protective effects of rEsAMA1 and rEsIMP1 against E. stiedae infection were assessed using several indicators. Sera were collected weekly to detect the specific antibody levels.

Results: Both rEsAMA1 and rEsIMP1 showed strong reactogenicity. Rabbits vaccinated with rEsAMA1 and rEsIMP1 displayed significantly increased serum IL-2 (F (4, 25) = 9.53, P = 0.000), IL-4 (F (4, 25) = 7.81, P = 0.000), IL-17 (F (4, 25) = 8.55, P = 0.000), and IFN-γ (F (4, 25) = 6.89, P = 0.001) levels; in the rEsIMP1 group, serum TGF-β1 level was also elevated (F (4, 25) = 3.01, P = 0.037). After vaccination, the specific antibody levels increased and were maintained at a high level. The vaccination-infection trial showed that compared with the positive control groups, rabbits vaccinated with the recombinant proteins showed significantly reduced oocyst output (F (5, 54) = 187.87, P = 0.000), liver index (F (5, 54) = 37.52, P = 0.000), and feed conversion ratio; body weight gain was significantly improved (F (5, 54) = 28.82, P = 0.000).

Conclusions: rEsAMA1 and rEsIMP1 could induce cellular and humoral immunity, protecting against E. stiedae infection. Thus, rEsAMA1 and rEsIMP1 are potential vaccine candidates against E. stiedae.

Keywords: AMA1; Eimeria stiedae; IMP1; Protective efficacy; Recombinant protein-based subunit vaccine.

© 2022. The Author(s).

Read full text: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36316714/

Citation: Xiao J, Zheng R, Bai X, Pu J, Chen H, Gu X, Xie Y, He R, Xu J, Jing B, Peng X, Yang G. Preliminary evaluation of the protective effects of recombinant AMA1 and IMP1 against Eimeria stiedae infection in rabbits. Parasit Vectors. 2022 Oct 31;15(1):400. doi: 10.1186/s13071-022-05492-4. PMID: 36316714; PMCID: PMC9623944.