Vaccination with a cocktail vaccine elicits significant protection against Sarcoptes scabiei in rabbits, whereas the multi-epitope vaccine offers limited protection
Nengxing Shen, Wenrui Wei, Yuhang Chen, Song Liu, Lang Xiong, Jie Xiao, Xiaobin Gu, Yue Xie, Jing Xu, Bo Jing, Xuerong Peng, Guangyou Yang
Sarcoptes scabiei cause scabies in humans or sarcoptic mange in animals. Currently, information regarding vaccines against S. scabiei is limited and no commercial vaccine is available. In present study, we expressed and mixed recombinant S. scabiei serpin (rSs-serpin), recombinant S. scabiei chitinase-like protein-5 [rSs-CLP5] and -12 [rSs-CLP12] as a cocktail vaccine (three proteins mixed), and also a multi-epitope protein derived from these three S. scabiei genes was expressed as a vaccine candidate to evaluate the effects of two vaccine strategies. Four test groups (n = 12 per group) and a control group (n = 12 per group) were involved in this vaccination trial. The results showed that 91.67% (11/12) and 83.33% (10/12) of rabbits exhibited no detectable skin lesions from S. scabiei infestation in cocktail vaccine groups, whereas two multi-epitope groups produced only a few rabbits (5/12, 6/12) having no detectable skin lesions. Four test groups displayed significant increases in specific IgG antibodies (Abs) and total IgE Abs after immunized with recombinant proteins. Taken together, our data demonstrated a mixture of rSs-serpin, rSs-CLP5 and rSs-CLP12 was a promising vaccine candidate that induced robust immune protection and could significantly decrease mite populations to reduce the direct transmission between rabbits. However, vaccination with the multi-epitope protein showed limited protection in rabbits.
Keywords: Chitinase-like proteins; Cocktail vaccine; Multi-epitope vaccine; Sarcoptes scabiei; Serpin.
Copyright © 2022. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Citation: Shen N, Wei W, Chen Y, Liu S, Xiong L, Xiao J, Gu X, Xie Y, Xu J, Jing B, Peng X, Yang G. Vaccination with a cocktail vaccine elicits significant protection against Sarcoptes scabiei in rabbits, whereas the multi-epitope vaccine offers limited protection. Exp Parasitol. 2023,245:108442. doi: 10.1016/j.exppara.2022.108442.
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